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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-36

Effect of surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion on masticatory muscle activity: A pilot study


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Periodontology, Ribeirão Preto, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
2 Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, Ribeirão Preto, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Simone C. H. Regalo
Avenida do Café, s/n - Bairro, Monte Alegre, 14040-904 Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo
Brazil
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DOI: 10.4103/2231-0746.83152

PMID: 23482404

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Background: The aim of the present study was to analyze the electromyographic (EMG) activity of masseter and temporal muscles of adult patients submitted to surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) before and after the surgery. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 19 adults, with ages ranging from 20 to 47 years (mean 25.4 years), with bilateral posterior cross bite requiring SARME treatment. The electromyographic activity of masseter and temporal muscles was analyzed before treatment (T1) and after the surgical procedure (T2). The mean interval between the two electromyographic analyses was 15 days. Results: The muscular active was electromyographically analyzed during the clinical situation of habitual gum chewing (10 sec), dental clenching (4 sec), mouth opening and closing (10 sec), rest (10 sec), protrusion (10 sec), and right and left laterality (10 sec). The measured differences between T1 and T2 data were evaluated using the paired t-test (SPSS 17.0 for Windows). The electromyographic analysis showed that the activity of the masseter and temporal muscles decreased significantly after the SARME in all the clinical situations after the surgery. Conclusion: According to the results of the present study, individuals after SARME surgery presented patterns of electromyographic contraction similar to those developed by dentate individuals during the movements of mandibular excursion.


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