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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 100-103

Nonsyndromic palate Synechia with floor of mouth

1 Department of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Facial Cleft Deformity Clinic, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
2 Department of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Facial Cleft Deformity Clinic, University of Pretoria, Pretoria; Department of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban; Life Wilgers Hospital, Pretoria, South Africa

Correspondence Address:
Sharan Naidoo
Department of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, University of Pretoria, P. O Box 1266, Pretoria, 0001
South Africa
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DOI: 10.4103/2231-0746.161102

PMID: 26389045

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To discuss the embryological basis, sequela and management of intraoral synechia, and to report on the incidence of this condition at a facial cleft deformity clinic (FCDC), with specific attention to two rare cases of mucosal bands involving the floor of the mouth and palate. Review of the literature and a retrospective analysis of FCDC and case report of two cases. During the period of 30 years (1983-2013), the FCDC - University of Pretoria has managed in excess of 4000 cases. A review of the clinic statistics revealed only six cases in which intraoral synechiae occurred. The rarity of this condition at the FCDC is in keeping with the rare incidence in the international literature. Four syndromic cases were identified. Three cases were cleft palate lateral synechia syndrome, and one was an orofacial digital syndrome. Two nonsyndromic cases were identified, and both cases involved the floor of the mouth and palate. The attending physicians and surgeons should be aware of the most appropriate timing for management of this condition, in order to avoid unwanted sequelae. Supportive care should be provided, and emergency airway protocol should be available for all cases. A differential diagnosis should be considered which includes syndromic conditions.

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