|Year : 2016 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 94-96
Piezo harvesting of bone grafts from the anterior iliac crest: A technical note
Leena P Ylikontiola1, Ville Lehtonen1, George K Sándor2
1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical Research Center, Oulu University Hospital, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical Research Center, Oulu University Hospital, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu; BioMediTech, Institute of Bioscience and Technology, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
|Date of Web Publication||12-Jul-2016|
Dr. Leena P Ylikontiola
University of Oulu, Aapistie 5A, Office No: 2126B, 90014 Oulu
Background: Autogenous bone graft harvesting from the iliac crest is associated with donor site morbidity. The aim of this report is to describe the use of piezosurgery as an attempt at morbidity reduction. Materials and Methods: A piezosurgical handpiece and its selection of tips can easily be accommodated in an iliac crest wound to osteotomize and allow the harvest and delivery of autogenous bone grafts. Results: Corticocancellous blocks or cancellous strips of autogenous bone can be readily harvested using a piezosurgical technique at the anterior iliac crest. Conclusion: Piezosurgery avoids some of the traumatic aspects of harvesting bone associated with the use of conventional rotary instruments or saws.
Keywords: Bone graft, iliac crest, piezosurgery
|How to cite this article:|
Ylikontiola LP, Lehtonen V, Sándor GK. Piezo harvesting of bone grafts from the anterior iliac crest: A technical note. Ann Maxillofac Surg 2016;6:94-6
|How to cite this URL:|
Ylikontiola LP, Lehtonen V, Sándor GK. Piezo harvesting of bone grafts from the anterior iliac crest: A technical note. Ann Maxillofac Surg [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Jul 13];6:94-6. Available from: http://www.amsjournal.com/text.asp?2016/6/1/94/186131
| Introduction|| |
Autogenous bone remains the gold standard grafting material to treat bone defects in the craniomaxillofacial skeleton., Harvesting autogenous bone results in donor site morbidity., Numerous donor sites have been described. Many approaches have been tried. While new instrumentation has been developed,, donor site morbidity still remains a challenge.
One approach is to eliminate all conventional heat-producing instrumentations known to injure the bone. This includes the use of rotary drills, reciprocating, or oscillating saws. The development of piezosurgical instrumentation has radically changed many surgical approaches in the craniomaxillofacial skeleton., While time intensive at first, piezosurgery is less traumatic to bone and neighboring vital structures than conventional instrumentation., This technical note aims to describe the application of piezosurgery for the harvesting of autogenous bone graft material at the anterior iliac crest site.
| Materials and Methods|| |
The medical approach to the anterior iliac crest is well known in the literature., Once the anterior iliac crest is exposed, the medial wall of the iliac wing is made accessible by retraction. A piezo handpiece and surgical unit (Synthes, Oberdorf, Switzerland) and a selection of serrated tips are used [Figure 1]. The tips are available in long and short lengths. Tip configurations with a straight profile and with the right or left bends are also available. The tips are interchangeable so that the most advantageous tip can be selected to make the vertical and horizontal osteotomies through the medial cortex of the iliac bone [Figure 2] and [Figure 3].
|Figure 2: Photograph showing piezosurgical tip making the vertical osteotomy through the medial cortex of the iliac bone|
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|Figure 3: Photograph illustrating the two parallel cuts completed through the medial cortex|
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The piezosurgical tip easily allows the creation of a straight line osteotomy through the medial cortex, up to the level of the lateral cortex but not through it [Figure 3]. A trap door at the anterior iliac crest allows access to the superior most aspect of the iliac crest which is moved laterally exposing the underlying cancellous bone. The depths of the piezo osteotomies cuts can be visualized. A chisel can then be used in a gentle prying fashion to deliver the corticocancellous block or cancellous strips. Wound closure is unaltered by the piezosurgery [Figure 4].
|Figure 4: Appearance of healing iliac crest bone graft harvest wound 2 weeks after harvesting procedure|
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| Results|| |
The piezosurgical handpiece was easily fitted into the wound at the anterior iliac crest and allowed sufficient access, so the two parallel vertical osteotomies and the horizontal connecting osteotomy could be completed. The piezosurgical tips were able to reach the farthest part of the wounds without difficulty. Copious irrigation of the piezosurgical handpiece provided good visualization of the osteotomy site throughout the harvesting procedure while properly suctioning the wound. Bone grafts consisting of large corticocancellous blocks and cancellous strips were harvested without complication. There were no problems with postoperative ambulation.
| Discussion|| |
The application of piezosurgery to the anterior iliac crest for bone harvesting makes for a safer technique. Conventional instrumentation relies on saws, drills, or chisels  which are all instruments with sharp edges with the potential to damage vital structures medial to the surgical site. All piezosurgical instrumentation is based on ultrasound bone cutting so that the instrument edges are blunt or rounded. This makes untoward trauma to nearby vital structures even less likely. Damage to the bone at the cellular level is also diminished as heat production is minimized., In the future, the authors plan to document postoperative pain scores and the time to ambulation, in order to compare piezosurgical harvesting of bone at the anterior iliac crest with conventional instrumentation.,
| Conclusion|| |
Piezosurgical harvesting of bone at the anterior iliac crest avoids the trauma and heat generation associated with conventional instrumentation. Long-term follow-up and comparison of risk–benefit analysis would yield further clues.
The authors wish to acknowledge the University of Oulu for its support of this project.
Financial support and sponsorship
The authors wish to thank the EVO/VTR fund of the Oulu University Hospital for its generous financial support of this project.
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]