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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 166-175

Fast-track orthognathic surgery: An evidence-based review


1 European Face Centre, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Belgium
2 Department of Anesthesiology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Belgium

Correspondence Address:
Maurice Yves Mommaerts
European Face Centre, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussel
Belgium
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_106_17

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The aim of this study was to establish a fast-track protocol for bimaxillary orthognathic surgery (OGS). Fast-track surgery (FTS) is a multidisciplinary approach where the pre-, intra-, and postoperative management is focusing maximally on a quick patient recovery and early discharge. To enable this, the patients' presurgical stress and postsurgical discomfort should be maximally reduced. Both referral patterns and expenses within the health-care system are positively influenced by FTS. University hospital-literature review through Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library (January 2000– July 2016) using the following words – “fast track, enhanced recovery, multimodal, and perioperative care” – to define a protocol evidence based for OGS, as well as evidenced-based medicine search of every term added to the protocol during the same period. The process has resulted in an OGS protocol that may improve the outcome of the patient through several nonoperative and operative measures such as preoperative patient education and intra/postoperative measures that should improve overall patient satisfaction, decrease morbidity such as postoperative nausea, headache, dizziness, pain, and intubation discomfort, and shorten hospital stay. A literature review allowed us to fine-tune a fast-track protocol for uncomplicated OGS that can be prospectively studied against currently applied ones.


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