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ORIGINAL ARTICLE - COMPARATIVE STUDY
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 245-249

Autologous platelet-rich plasma after third molar surgery


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, MGM Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M.A. Rangoonwala College of Dental Sciences and Research Center, Pune, India
3 MDS in Periodontology, Private Practitioner, Coral Dental Advance Care and Implant Center, Mumbai, India
4 BDS, Private Practitioner, Bapuji Dental Clinic, Surat, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dinesh Shah
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, MGM Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_108_16

PMID: 29264293

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Aim and Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the third molar impactions, with respect to: pain, swelling, healing, and periodontal status distal to the second molar in patients who need surgical removal of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients of both sexes aged between 16 and 60 years who required bilateral surgical removal of their impacted third molars and met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. After surgical extraction of the third molar, primary closure was performed in the control group, whereas PRP was placed in the socket followed by primary closure in the case group. The outcome variables were pain, swelling, wound healing, and periodontal probe depth that were follow-up period of 2 months. Quantitative data are presented as mean. Statistical significance was checked by t-test. Results: There was a difference in the pain (0.071) and facial swelling (0.184), reduction between test and control on day 3, but it was not found to be significant. Periodontal pocket depth (0.001) and wound healing (0.001) less in case group compared with the control group was found to be significant. Conclusion: The use of PRP lessens the severity of immediate postoperative sequelae and decreases preoperative pocket depth.


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