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CASE REPORT - INFECTION
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 358-360

Actinomycosis which impersonates malignancy


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kalyani Gelada
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Katraj, Pune, Maharashtra
India
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_15_18

PMID: 30693265

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Actinomycosis is a suppurative and often chronic bacterial infection most commonly caused by Actinomyces israelii. Actinomycotic infections may mimic more common oral diseases or present in a similar way to malignant disease. Treatment of actinomycosis involves surgical removal of the infected tissue and appropriate antibiotic therapy to eliminate the infection. Rarely seen in day-to-day dental practice, actinomycosis of the oral cavity is a highly significant condition due to its aggressive and locally destructive nature. We report a case of actinomycosis leading to extensive destruction and sequestration of the maxillary bone and deviation of the nasal septum, affecting a patient who complained of an unhealed extraction socket, chronic halitosis, and exposure of the bone with gingival recession crossing the midline.


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