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ORIGINAL ARTICLE - COMPARATIVE STUDY
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 239-246

Anesthetic efficacy of single buccal infiltration of 4% articaine and 2% lignocaine in extraction of maxillary 1st molar


1 Department of Oral Surgery, KVG Dental College, Sullia, India
2 Private Consultant, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Practicing in Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nanded Rural Dental College and Research Center, Nanded, Maharashtra, India
4 Fellow in Traumatology in Hitkarini Dental College and Hospital, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Mandeep Sharma
Private Consultant, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Practicing in Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir
India
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_201_18

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Background: The extraction of tooth being the most common procedure in oral surgery should be pain free with limited dosage and limited needlepricks. Articaine being unique among amide local anesthetics contains a thiophene group, which increases its liposolubility, and an ester group which helps biotransformation in plasma. Because of the high diffusion properties, it can be used as a single buccal infiltration to extract a maxillary tooth. Aim and Objective: Objective of the study was to compare the efficacy of single buccal infiltration of 4% articaine with that of 2% lignocaine for maxillary first molar extraction. Methodology: A triple blind randomized controlled study was carried on 100 patients of age group 18-60 years who required maxillary first molar extraction, visiting the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery. They were included in the study after obtaining informed consent. Buccal infiltration of 1.8 ml of anesthetic solution was given randomly to 100 patients with appropriate blinding of the cartridges. Objective signs were checked. If any additional injection was given, it was noted as type and number of rescue injection given. Postoperatively VAS score and surgeon's quality of anesthesia was noted. Duration of anesthesia was measured every 5 minutes for 50 minutes from infiltration. Results: Out of 50 patients in group A (Articaine), in 44 patients extraction was done without the need of additional injection whereas in group B(Lignocaine), 29 patients require additional infiltration on the palatal side. The VAS score values for group A were also significantly less in comparison with group B. The mean duration of anesthesia for Group A being (71.70 ± 17.82 min) in 44 patients who only received buccal infiltration. Interpretation and Conclusion: The efficacy of single buccal injection of articaine is comparable to buccal and palatal injection of lignocaine.


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