Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery

ORIGINAL ARTICLE - COMPARATIVE STUDY
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25--30

Evaluation of presurgical serum cortisol level in patients undergoing major maxillofacial surgery


Sharvika Aher, Pushkar Waknis, Sonal Shah, Aditi Saha, Prathamesh Bhujbal, Deeisha Gupta 
 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sharvika Aher
Shree Ratnadeep Housing Society, Behind Walazade Mangalkaryela, Panchavati, Nashik - 423 101, Maharashtra
India

Background: Stress is an integral part of life. Anxiety levels may increase when it comes to being treated surgically due to road traffic accidents causing facial trauma, other pathologies or burns. The stress that is caused during a surgical procedure as well as during the treatment in debilitated patients or traumatic conditions is bound to cause disturbance in the metabolic and physiologic levels of cortisol. Therefore, a study was carried out to determine the cortisol levels just prior to surgery on the day of operation to quantify the stress levels and also aid in any preanesthetic medication changes for the patient undergoing maxillofacial surgery. Aim: To evaluate and compare pre-surgical serum cortisol levels in patients undergoing major maxillofacial surgery under general anaesthesia. Objective: To evaluate the serum cortisol level of patient 3 days prior to surgery, on the day of surgery and to compare and evaluate the difference seen in both the obtained values. Methods: A prospective, randomized, in- vivo study was carried out in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at a teaching dental hospital. A total of 32 patients were included in this study. Inclusion and Exculsion criteria was made along with pre-opertive assessment of the patient, informed consent was obtained from all patients involved in the study. Patient blood sample, at 8 am three days prior to surgery and on the day of surgery and sent for laboratory investigations. Result: Participants in this clinical study underwent treatment of various ailments like facial trauma, and miscellaneous pathologies like Dentigerous Cyst, Oral submucosa fibrosis, Osteomyelitis, Benign Tumor and Orthognathic surgery. The anxiety of the patients were assessed by serum cortisol level preoperatively and on the day of operation. A total of 32 patients, 26 male and 06 female were included in the study. There was statistically highly significant difference seen between the mean values obtained three days prior to surgery and on the day of surgery.Conclusion: We have concluded from this study that the serum cortisol level shows significant increase on the day of surgery. A future study can focus on association between increased levels of serum cortisol and postoperative wound healing where patients can be divided into two groups one receiving pre-operative stress reduction protocol and other not receiving the same.


How to cite this article:
Aher S, Waknis P, Shah S, Saha A, Bhujbal P, Gupta D. Evaluation of presurgical serum cortisol level in patients undergoing major maxillofacial surgery.Ann Maxillofac Surg 2020;10:25-30


How to cite this URL:
Aher S, Waknis P, Shah S, Saha A, Bhujbal P, Gupta D. Evaluation of presurgical serum cortisol level in patients undergoing major maxillofacial surgery. Ann Maxillofac Surg [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 13 ];10:25-30
Available from: http://www.amsjournal.com/article.asp?issn=2231-0746;year=2020;volume=10;issue=1;spage=25;epage=30;aulast=Aher;type=0