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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45-50

Reconstruction of periorbital region defects: A retrospective study

1 Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yıl University, Van, Turkey
2 Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
3 Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Serdar Yuce
Yuzuncu Yil Universitesi, Tip Fakultesi, Plastik Cer. A. D 65100, Van
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DOI: 10.4103/2231-0746.133077

PMID: 24987598

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Background: Although the periorbital region forms less than 1% of the total body surface, it has a very complex anatomy; therefore, it requires a detailed approach. In this work, we aim to present the clinical applications and related literature for the algorithm of the technique which will be applied, according to the location of the defect, in choosing the surgery treatment method. Factors affecting the results and different treatment methods of the anatomical region, including its difficult reconstruction, will also be included. Materials and Methods: A review of 177 periorbital region defect reconstructions was performed. Results: As a treatment method, in 76 (43%) patients primary closure was chosen, 39 (22%) patients had grafts and in 62 (35%) patients a flap was chosen as a treatment alternative. With respect to postoperative complications, there were a total of 6 (3.38%) patients observed with venous congestion. In 11 (6.21%) patients ectropion developed, in 1 (0.56%) patient minimal space between the eyelids while monitoring recovery was observed and in 1 (0.56%) patient, flap loss was observed due to a circulatory disorder. Conclusions: The aim of reconstruction is to repair the defect suitable to normal physiological and anatomical values. As a result, before the surgical treatments in this difficult anatomical region, the defect width and anatomical localization must be evaluated. The most suitable reconstruction method must be identified, using an evaluation of the algorithm and the required functional and esthetical results can be obtained with intraoperative flexible behavior and a change of method, when necessary.

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