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 Table of Contents  
CASE REPORT - TRAUMA
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 129-131

Parotid duct repair with intubation tube: Technical note


Plastic Surgery, Istanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi, İstanbul, Turkey

Date of Web Publication21-Jun-2017

Correspondence Address:
Elif Seda Keskin
Istanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi, İstanbul
Turkey
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_166_16

PMID: 28713751

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  Abstract 

The parotid duct can be damaged in traumatic injuries and surgical interventions. Early diagnosis and treatment of a duct injury is of great importance because complications such as sialocele and salivary gland fistula may develop if the duct is not surgically repaired. We think the cuff of an intubation tube is an ideal material in parotid duct repair, because of its technical characteristics, easiness of availability, and low-cost. In this paper, we described the use of the cuff cannula of an intubation tube for the diagnosis and treatment of parotid duct laceration, as a low-cost and easy to access material readily available in every operating room.

Keywords: Parotid duct repair, parotid duct silicone cannula, parotid duct stent repair


How to cite this article:
Ozturk MB, Barutca SA, Keskin ES, Atik B. Parotid duct repair with intubation tube: Technical note. Ann Maxillofac Surg 2017;7:129-31

How to cite this URL:
Ozturk MB, Barutca SA, Keskin ES, Atik B. Parotid duct repair with intubation tube: Technical note. Ann Maxillofac Surg [serial online] 2017 [cited 2021 Jul 28];7:129-31. Available from: https://www.amsjournal.com/text.asp?2017/7/1/129/208638




  Introduction Top


The parotid duct can be damaged in traumatic injuries and surgical interventions. Early diagnosis and treatment of a duct injury is of great importance because complications such as sialocele and salivary gland fistula may develop if the duct is not surgically repaired.[1] A guidance material is often needed to expose and repair the damaged duct. In the literature, a great variety of materials such as epidural catheter, urethral catheter, double-J catheter, catgut, and Vitallium wire have been used as an intraductal stent after repair.[2],[3],[4],[5] In this paper, we described the use of the cuff cannula of an intubation tube for the diagnosis and treatment of parotid duct laceration, as a low-cost and easy-to-access material readily available in every operating room.


  Case Report/technique Top


A 43-year-old male patient reported to the emergency clinic with the complaint of penetrating injury over the left side of his face. During his physical examination, a deep laceration was found in the left malar region [Figure 1]a. The facial nerve and parotid duct in this region were thought to possibly be injured. During the physical examination of the patient, the facial nerve was found to be intact. The patient was suspected of having a parotid duct laceration; therefore, first, the parotid papilla was found from a point at the level of the second molar tooth in the mouth. Then, the duct was cannulated using the cuff cannula of an 8.5-mm ID intubation tube [Figure 2]a and [Figure 2]b. The end of the silicone cannula was seen to be coming out of the laceration line, and the parotid duct was found to be injured. By operating the patient, the distal and proximal ends of the lacerated parotid duct were exposed, and the ends of the duct were renewed. The silicon tube entered into the parotid duct in the mouth was pushed forward and then was inserted into the distal and proximal ends of the lacerated parotid duct. Silicone tube was used as an intraductal stent [Figure 1]b. The parotid duct repair through the tube was carried out with polyamide 8.0 suture over the stent, in accordance with the surgical technique [Figure 1]c. The excess part of the tube was cut out, leaving the end of the silicon tube in the mouth. The tube was fixed to the buccal mucosa from 2 points, and the incisions in the skin were repaired.
Figure 1: (a) Preoperative appearance of the case, a deep laceration in the left malar region is seen. (b) Cannulation of the parotid duct with the silicon cuff cannula of the intubation tube. The arrow shows the silicon cannula used as a stent in the duct. (c) Completion of the intraoperative repair through the stent. The arrow shows the repair line. (d) The appearance of the patient on the 3rd week of his postoperative period, no complications were observed

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Figure 2: (a) 8.5-mm ID intubation tube, (b) cuff silicone of the intubation tube prepared to be used as a stent

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  Results Top


During the follow-up of the patient, the saliva was observed to be flowing through the silicon tube, and no early or late postoperative complication was encountered. The swelling that developed in the malar region on the 4th postoperative day disappeared within 3–4 days. In the 3rd week, the tube was disconnected and taken out. The saliva was observed to be flowing through the papilla, without development of any symptoms of parotid duct obstruction [Figure 1]d. During his 1.5-year postoperative follow-up, our patient has been followed up without any problem.


  Discussion Top


Although parotid duct injuries are often penetrating injuries, they may also develop in consequence of tumor excisions and blunt traumas or as an iatrogenic complication.[6]

The most common and difficult-to-treat complications observed in parotid duct injury are sialocele and parotid gland fistula.[1] Many procedures intended for the prevention of complications have been described, such as follow-up with aspiration and compressive dressing, primary saturation of the duct, parasympathetic denervation, ligation of the duct, fistulization of the duct into the oral cavity, superficial or total parotidectomy, and radiotherapy.[1],[7],[8],[9]

Because of the availability of today's advanced surgical techniques and suture materials, as well as the good results of surgical repair, the duct is recommended to be repaired in all cases where possible.

Stent use is preferred and has been widely accepted in direct repair because it prevents the suture from passing through the rear wall during repair and also prevents the duct from being collapsed and obstructed during recovery.[3],[10]

In the literature, a great variety of materials such as epidural catheter, urethral catheter, double-J catheter, catgut, and Vitallium wire have been used as an intraductal stent after repair.[2],[3],[4],[5]

The silicone cuff cannula that we used had ideal technical characteristics, with its elasticity as well as noncollapsable structure. The space in the tube allows for uninterrupted drainage of secretion from the salivary gland, during the postoperative period. In this way, it ensures the continuation of the salivary flow and also supports the repair line.

Silicone cuff cannula of the intubation tube that we described can easily be found in every operating room and is extremely cost-effective.

The cuff of an intubation tube is an ideal material in parotid duct repair because of its technical characteristics, easiness of availability, and low cost.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Singh M, Rangaswamy S, Choudry S. Parotid sialocele and fistulae: Current treatment options. Int J Contemp Dent 2011;2:9-12.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Sujeeth S, Dindawar S. Parotid duct repair using an epidural catheter. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2011;40:747-8.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Sparkman RS. Laceration of parotid duct further experiences. Ann Surg 1950;131:743-54.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Aloosi SN, Khoshnaw N, Ali SM, Muhammad BA. Surgical management of Stenson's duct injury by using double J stent urethral catheter. Int J Surg Case Rep 2015;17:75-8.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Newman SC, Seabrook DB. Management of injuries to Stensen's duct. Ann Surg 1946;124:544-56.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Steinberg MJ, Herréra AF. Management of parotid duct injuries. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2005;99:136-41.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Van Sickels JE. Management of parotid gland and duct injuries. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am 2009;21:243-6.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
White JE. Primary repair of parotid duct injuries. J Natl Med Assoc 1950;42:232-4.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Parekh D, Glezerson G, Stewart M, Esser J, Lawson HH. Post-traumatic parotid fistulae and sialoceles. A prospective study of conservative management in 51 cases. Ann Surg 1989;209:105-11.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Stevenson JH. Parotid duct transection associated with facial trauma: Experience with 10 cases. Br J Plast Surg 1983;36:81-2.  Back to cited text no. 10
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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