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ORIGINAL ARTICLE - COMPARATIVE STUDY
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 256-259

Tomographic analysis of the impact of mandibular advancement surgery on increased airway volume


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Universidade Do Oeste Paulista, Presidente Prudente, Bauru, SP, Brazil
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculdade Tecnológica Dental CEEO, Igrejinha, RS, Brazil
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Centro Universitário Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Universidade Sagrado Coração, Bauru, SP, Brazil
5 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Instituto Branemark, Bauru, SP, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Thiago Calcagnotto
Rua Padre Chagas, 240, Sala 301, 90570-030 - Porto Alegre, RS
Brazil
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_136_17

PMID: 29264295

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Purpose: This study aimed to quantify, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in patients who underwent a mandibular advancement surgery associated with genioplasty, three-dimensional changes in airway space and to evaluate whether these changes differ between men and women. Materials and Methods: Preoperative and 8-month postoperative CBCT scans of 38 patients aged 18– 45 years of either sex and any ethnicity who underwent mandibular advancement surgery associated with genioplasty were analyzed using the Xoran software (Xoran Technologies, Ann Arbor, MI, USA). The linear distances gonion-gnathion (Go-Gn) and condylion-menton (Co-Me) were obtained. Airway volume was measured using the Dolphin Imaging software, version 11.0. Then, data were tabulated and analyzed using Student's t-test. Results: Mean patient age was 30.3 years; 39.47% were men and 60.63% were women. The mean Go-Gn distance was 72.05 mm before surgery and 78.56 mm after surgery, with a mean gain of 6.51 mm. The mean Co-Me distance was 113.47 mm before surgery and 119.89 mm after surgery, with a mean increase of 6.42 mm. Both differences were statistically significant. The mean volume of airway space was 17,272.92 mm3 before surgery and 24,173.74 mm3 after surgery, with a statistically significant mean increase of 6900.82 mm3. There was no statistically significant difference in mean volumetric gain between men (7566.69 mm3) and women (7456.69 mm3). Conclusion: Mandibular advancement surgery results in significant increase of airway space, and there is no difference in airway volume between men and women.


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