Home  -  About us  -  Editorial board  -  Search  -  Ahead of print  -  Current issue  -  Archives  -  Instructions  -  Subscribe  -  Contacts  -  Advertise - Login 
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 326-332

Psychological desire of facial esthetics in males

Department of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Balaji Dental and Craniofacial Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
S M Balaji
Balaji Dental and Craniofacial Hospital, 30, KB Dasan Road, Teynampet, Chennai - 600 018, Tamil Nadu
Login to access the Email id

DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_224_19

PMID: 31909010

Rights and Permissions

Background: Males have specific facial esthetic priorities for a variety of reasons. There exists a common perception that expectations from male facial cosmetic surgery are similar globally. The possibility of different esthetic requests of males at a single Indian center is not widely reported. This investigation aimed to identify the facial esthetic expectations and requests among males. Materials and Methods: The study was based on in-house, qualitative survey regarding facial esthetics conducted during the clinical interview among males seeking facial esthetics in a single Indian center. Preferences regarding the hairline, forehead periorbital region, nose, lip, and jaw features, were surveyed. Results: Facial esthetic preferences among males were identified. Despite the geographical and anthropological variation, the demand was largely correction of the lower eyelid, entire midfacial region – alteration of zygomatic prominence, nose, and premaxillary unit. There is a high demand for a sharp, long, straight nose as well as prominent jawline and gonial angle. The expectations of the patients appear to be influenced by the biopsychosocial constructs including race, age, and personality traits. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that there is a wide variation in facial esthetic expectation, especially one that has typical “metrosexual male” ideations. This possibly stems from their deep-seated psychological desire for a facial and personality trait. Only an in-depth clinical interview and detailed discussion would help the surgeon to understand the patient's concepts of beauty, their expectations, and surgical outcome reality.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded164    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal