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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-9

Three-Dimensional diagnosis in orbital reconstructive surgery

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Azerbaijan Medical University, Baku, Azerbaijan
2 Medical Faculty, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Chingiz R Rahimov
Bakichanov Street 23, AZ 1022, Baku
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_183_19

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Introduction: Orbital floor fractures are common among mid-face fractures. The general aim of treatment is to restore orbital volume and anatomy with grafts or reconstructive materials. Malpositioning of the implants and inadequate volume restorations are common complications of these procedures. The aim of our study is to present the surgical outcomes of orbital reconstruction aided by our algorithm of patient-specific virtual planning. Materials and Methods: The current study was performed on 77 patients with orbital wall fractures who were categorized into two groups: Group A – 42 patients (virtual planning) and Group B – 35 patients (traditional approach). Criteria of analysis included the presence of diplopia postoperatively and duration of surgical procedures. Results: Diplopia was recorded right after surgery in 16 cases (38.1%) of Group A and in 12 cases (34.3%) of Group B. However, 6 months postreconstruction, residual diplopia was recorded in 4 cases (9.5%) of Group A and in 12 cases (34.3%) of Group B. Mean operation time in Group A for the patients with isolated zygoma fracture was 2.23 h; for isolated orbital wall fracture was 1.98 h; and for combined zygoma, orbital wall, and facial bone fracture was 3.07 h. In Group B, these indexes were 3.47, 2.05, and 3.31 h, respectively. Conclusions: Application of virtual planning could significantly improve postoperative outcomes in orbital reconstruction. However, application of this technology could be limited by complicated defects of the orbital walls, which would require complex shape of the implant that might be difficult to be prevent virtually.

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