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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 312-319

Comparative evaluation of preemptive analgesia of dextromethorphan and ibuprofen in third molar surgeries

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sri Rajiv Gandhi College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh Gajanan Kale
A-2/607, Florida Estate, Keshav Nagar, Mundhwa, Pune - 411 037, Maharashtra
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_252_19

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Introduction: Postoperative pain following third molar removal is one of the most common and unpleasant complications encountered in routine surgical practice. Various methods have been advocated to minimize the postoperative pain: preemptive analgesia is one of those found to be effective. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the preemptive analgesic efficacy of Dextromethorphan (DM) and Ibuprofen in the third molar surgeries. Material and Methods: Thirty-six patients reporting to our institution were included in the study. Patients were randomized into three groups of 12 patients each to receive either DM 30 mg, ibuprofen 100 mg, or placebo in the form of multivitamin syrup, 90 min before the procedure. The difficulty of removal of the teeth was assessed using Campbell difficulty score. The study objectives were to evaluate the time elapsed since surgery after which the patient took their first dose of aceclofenac, to evaluate the postoperative pain using visual analog scale score, and to record the number of aceclofenac tablets consumed postoperatively. Results: The results of the study revealed that preemptive DM was significantly better than ibuprofen and placebo in the duration of time that elapsed before the patients consumed their first analgesic postoperatively. Preemptive DM also reduced the total number of aceclofenac tablets consumed on the day of surgery and on the 1st postoperative day, but the difference was not statistically significant. Between the two drugs, DM is better suited for providing preemptive analgesia. No side effects at a dose of 30 mg of DM were noted in any of the patients. Conclusion: DM premedication is a viable preemptive analgesic in reducing postoperative pain.

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