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ORIGINAL ARTICLE - EVALUATIVE STUDY
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 335-343

Efficacy of sticky bone as a novel autologous graft for mandibular third molar extraction socket healing - An evaluative study


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation Dental College and Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 N.Y.U College of Dentistry, New York University, New York, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Taher Abbas Rupawala
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation Dental College and Hospital, Bhalakiya Mill Compound, Opp. Anupam Cinema, Khokhara, Ahmedabad - 380 008, Gujarat
India
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_40_20

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Introduction: Recently, initiation and enhancement of extraction socket healing has been amplified by platelet concentrates, whereas the positive role of Sticky bone has been focused on maintaining alveolar bone dimensions. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of Sticky Bone for socket grafting of mandibular third molars (M3Ms) in terms of soft- and hard-tissue healing. Materials and Methods: This split-mouth prospective trial constituted prophylactic removal of M3Ms with Sticky bone grafted in the study site as a primary predictor variable. Patients underwent 3 months of mandatory follow-up where pain, swelling, interincisal mouth opening, and gingival healing were measured on the 3rd, 7th, and 14th day using the Numeric Rating Scale, anatomic landmarks, steel metric ruler, and criteria given by Landry et al. respectively. Radiological healing was calculated based on the height of the socket, Kelly's Index, and histogram values immediately after the procedure at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months, respectively. Statistical comparison was made using Paired t-test. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Forty-seven patients (mean 26.83 ± 6.58 years) demonstrated significantly lesser pain, swelling, and better gingival healing at the study site on multiple periods of follow-up. Rapid bone formation with superior density, lesser alveolar resorption, earlier bone blending, and trabecular formation were noticed on the study site with a significant difference at all time intervals. Discussion: Sticky bone was chosen as the graft owing to advantages such as simple preparation, convenient handling characteristics, safety, evident postoperative patient comfort, better retention of the clot, enhanced soft-tissue healing, absence of infection, and decreased osseous deformation as compared to the control site. This study validated the role of Sticky bone as an indispensable component of regenerative therapy in the orofacial osseous tissues as it was an ideal biologic graft with fibrin rich structure. Conclusion: This study validated the role of Sticky bone as an indispensable component of regenerative therapy in the orofacial osseous tissues as it was an ideal biologic graft with fibrin rich structure.


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