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CASE REPORT - INFECTIONS
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 525-528

Actinomycotic osteomyelitis of the mandible - A rare case report


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh Sunil Simre
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Wardha, Maharashtra
India
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DOI: 10.4103/ams.ams_99_20

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Actinomycetes are a relatively sporadic cause of infection of the head-and-neck region and their appearance is usually uncharacteristic, and hence pose a challenge for the diagnosis. The present article intends to exhibit this rarity afflicting mandible and highlight its management. The present report describes a case of a 55-year-old countryside female who presented with pain and swelling affecting the left side of the mandible. Orthopantomograph and cone-beam computed tomography imaging showed multiple ill-defined radiolucencies and perforations of the buccal and lingual cortical plates. Fine-needle aspiration microbiology was used to ascertain the microbial organism and the patient was treated with amoxicillin + clavulanic acid with curettage of the infected site. The patient responded well to prompt systemic antibiotics and local surgical measures with complete resolution of the infection and spontaneous bone regeneration. Although rare actinomycosis of the mandible is curable and should be included in the differential diagnosis of osteomyelitis of the jaw. Early and accurate diagnosis and prompt intervention confirm better outcomes.


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